Molecular origin of viscoelasticity and chain orientation of glassy polymers. (155), the eigenfrequency qy coincides with the modulation wave number (which is 1 in the notation adopted). A polarizer is a device which is designed so that one of these components is totally absorbed (or internally reflected in the case of a Nicol prism). Thermal birefringence in freely quenched multilayered slabs of amorphous polymers: Experiment and simulation. Rheooptical Study on Poly(styrene macromonomer). [27]. These optically anisotropic materials are said to be birefringent (or birefractive). The Significance of the Rouse Segment:  Its Concentration Dependence. One approach might be to try and separate the steps of making the fibre and evolving the microstructure. 1 decade ago. Chain dynamics of concentrated polystyrene solutions studied by depolarized photon-correlation and viscosity measurements. 13 indeed has the deepest and second-deepest minima fairly close to these two points. Fig. Figure 13 shows an example of the evolution of the separation y(z), finally resulting in splitting, in the case when ε slightly exceeds εcr. Dynamic birefringence of cyclic olefin copolymers. On drawing, two types of microstructural change occur: Ordered regions — in particular NPL crystals, but also polyalanine crystallites — are degraded, so that birefringence increases. Dynamic measurement on a polyarylate with low optical anisotropy. Nonlinear Mechanooptical Behavior of Uniaxially Stretched Poly(lactic acid):  Dynamic Phase Behavior. This article is cited by Conformational dynamics of Rouse chains during creep/recovery processes: a review. A Rheo-Optical Study on Reinforcement Effect of Silica Particle Filled Rubber. Fig. Yuki Okada, Yuka Goto, Reina Tanaka, Takuya Katashima, Xinyue Jiang, Ken Terao, Takahiro Sato. The plot in fig. Viscoelastic properties and birefringence of phenolic resins. 162 publications. The result reported in an earlier investigation with vitreous silica is now shown to be true also for other amorphous solids, including especially inorganic glasses; besides the well-known photo-elastic effect, another kind of birefringence may be observed di Dynamics of Telechelic Ionomers with Distribution of Number of Ionic Stickers at Chain Ends. Michel Biron, in Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites (Third Edition), 2018, D256-10 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics, D638-14 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics, D695-15 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics, D732-10 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength of Plastics by Punch Tool, D747-10 Standard Test Method for Apparent Bending Modulus of Plastics by Means of a Cantilever Beam, D785-08 Standard Test Method for Rockwell Hardness of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials, D790-15 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials, D952-15 Standard Test Method for Bond or Cohesive Strength of Sheet Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials, D953-10 Standard Test Method for Bearing Strength of Plastics, D1043-16 Standard Test Method for Stiffness Properties of Plastics as a Function of Temperature by Means of a Torsion Test, D1044-13 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Transparent Plastics to Surface Abrasion, D1708-13 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens, D1822-13 Standard Test Method for Tensile-Impact Energy to Break Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials, D2583-13 Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol Impressor, D2990-09 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics, D3763-15 Standard Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors, D4065-12 Standard Practice for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Determination and Report of Procedures, D4092-07 Standard Terminology: Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties, D4093-95(2010) Standard Test Method for Photoelastic Measurements of Birefringence and Residual Strains in Transparent or Translucent Plastic Materials, D4440-15 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties Melt Rheology, D4473-08 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Cure Behavior, D4508-10 Standard Test Method for Chip Impact Strength of Plastics, D4812-11 Standard Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics, D5023-15 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Flexure (Three-Point Bending), D5024-15 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Compression, D5026-15 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Tension, D5045-14 Standard Test Methods for Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness and Strain Energy Release Rate of Plastic Materials, D5083-10e1 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Reinforced Thermosetting Plastics Using Straight-Sided Specimens, D5279-13 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion, D5418-15 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Flexure (Dual Cantilever Beam), D5420-16 Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact), D5592-94(2010) Standard Guide for Material Properties Needed in Engineering Design Using Plastics, D5628-10 Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimens by Means of a Falling Dart (Tup or Falling Mass), D5947-11 Standard Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens, D6068-10 Standard Test Method for Determining J-R Curves of Plastic Materials, D6110-10 Standard Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics, D6272-10 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials by Four-Point Bending, D6395-11 Standard Test Method for Flatwise Flexural Impact Resistance of Rigid Plastics, D7027-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Scratch Resistance of Polymeric Coatings and Plastics Using an Instrumented Scratch Machine, D7107-04(2010) Standard Test Method for Creep Measurement of Self-Lubricating Bushings, D7192-10 Standard Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastic Films Using Load and Displacement Sensors, D882-12 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting, D1004-13 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting, D1204-14 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature, D1593-13 Standard Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Plastic Film and Sheeting, D1709-16a Standard Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method, D1894-14 Standard Test Method for Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction of Plastic Film and Sheeting, D1922-15 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method, D1938-14 Standard Test Method for Tear-Propagation Resistance (Trouser Tear) of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by a Single-Tear Method, D2463-15 Standard Test Method for Drop Impact Resistance of Blow-Molded Thermoplastic Containers, D2561-12 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Crack Resistance of Blow-Molded Polyethylene Containers, D2578-09 Standard Test Method for Wetting Tension of Polyethylene and Polypropylene Films, D2582-16 Standard Test Method for Puncture-Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting, D2659-16 Standard Test Method for Column Crush Properties of Blown Thermoplastic Containers, D2684-15 Standard Test Method for Permeability of Thermoplastic Containers to Packaged Reagents or Proprietary Products, D2732-14 Standard Test Method for Unrestrained Linear Thermal Shrinkage of Plastic Film and Sheeting, D2741-95(2005) Standard Test Method for Susceptibility of Polyethylene Bottles to Soot Accumulation, D2838-09e1 Standard Test Method for Shrink Tension and Orientation Release Stress of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting, D2911-16 Standard Specification for Dimensions and Tolerances for Plastic Bottles, D2923-08 Standard Test Method for Rigidity of Polyolefin Film and Sheeting, D3354-15 Standard Test Method for Blocking Load of Plastic Film by the Parallel Plate Method, D3420-14 Standard Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film, D4272-15 Standard Test Method for Total Energy Impact of Plastic Films By Dart Drop, D4321-15 Standard Test Method for Package Yield of Plastic Film, D5419-14a Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress Crack Resistance (ESCR) of Threaded Plastic Closures, D5946-09 Standard Test Method for Corona-Treated Polymer Films Using Water Contact Angle Measurements, D6287-09 Standard Practice for Cutting Film and Sheeting Test Specimens, D6988-13 Standard Guide for Determination of Thickness of Plastic Film Test Specimens, D7310-11 Standard Guide for Defect Detection and Rating of Plastic Films Using Optical Sensors, D1621-16 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics, D1622-14 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics, D1623-09 Standard Test Method for Tensile and Tensile Adhesion Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics, D2126-15 Standard Test Method for Response of Rigid Cellular Plastics to Thermal and Humid Aging, D2842-12 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics, D3575-12 Standard Test Methods for Flexible Cellular Materials Made from Olefin Polymers, D3576-15 Standard Test Method for Cell Size of Rigid Cellular Plastics, D3676-13 Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay, D3748-14 Standard Practice for Evaluating High-Density Rigid Cellular Plastics, D4819-13 Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials Made from Polyolefin Plastics, D5672-15 Standard Test Method for Testing Flexible Cellular Materials Measurement of Indentation Force Deflection Using a 25-mm (1-in.)

birefringence amorphous material

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