For businesses. So Iverson’s team was able to compare the outcomes of cases assigned to judges who favor Chapter 7 with the outcomes of otherwise-identical cases assigned to judges who favor Chapter 11. Chapter 7: Often called the liquidation chapter, chapter 7 is used by individuals, partnerships, or corporations who are unable to repair their financial situation. Chapter 7 and chapter 11 bankruptcies differ in how assets are handled and the required actions of the filers. 1) Straight/Liquidation – Chapter 7 only. 2) Reorganization – Chapters 9, 11, 12 and 13. Chapter 7 of Title 11 of the United States Code (Bankruptcy Code) governs the process of liquidation under the bankruptcy laws of the United States, in contrast to Chapters 11 and 13, which govern the process of reorganization of a debtor. Chapter 7 functions as a liquidation bankruptcy and chapter 11 as a form of reorganization; chapter 7 brings operations to a close, while chapter 11 presents an opportunity for debtors to make changes and continue on. It is for people who can not afford to pay back their debts. Corporations, partnerships, and limited liability companies cannot use chapter 13 to reorganize and must cease business operations if a chapter 7 bankruptcy is filed. They found substantial differences. This means that similar companies could be assigned to Chapter 7 or 11 depending on which judge oversaw their case, creating something close to a randomized experiment. In chapter 7 asset cases, the debtor's estate is liquidated under the rules of the bankruptcy code. Chapter 11 filings — which surged during the coronavirus shutdown in 2020 — allow troubled businesses to protect themselves from creditors while they reorganize their business operations, debts, and assets. Only 1% of the cases were Chapter 11 bankruptcies. Chapter 7 is the most common form of bankruptcy in the United States. Types. People who file Chapter 7 are able to keep some of their assets. Chapter 7 is for a person, company or corporation and will discharge the filing debtor in exchange for giving up assets. If you’ve found yourself drowning in large amounts of debt, you are undoubtedly overwhelmed about how to get out of it. In chapter 7 bankruptcies, virtually all of the … Chapter 11 is the chapter used by large businesses to reorganize their debts and continue operating. The majority, 61%, filed for Chapter 7.