If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with morality and how it shapes behavior. They say it’s too hard to tell what most people think is important to the whole society, so it’s a messy idea to base decisions on. The biggest hole in the theory of deontology is that there’s no standard for what a person’s duties and obligations are. The ethical theory of virtue states that we can judge a person’s decisions based on his or her character and morality. The theory of deontology falls under this type of ethics because people make decisions based on their duty to those around them. Ethics and technology: Controversies, questions, and strategies for ethical computing. I’ll name four classical theories in ethics but I’ll cite Wikipedia so you can get started on your research (if need be). You can access this database from the Library's list of U-databases. For example, we may make a decision based on following the law or based on our loyalty toward friends or family members. These four theories fall into one of two categories. You should undertake further research to inform your analysis of the identified ethical issue. This process is intended to ensure that the article is accurate, well-researched, and contributes to the body of knowledge in the field. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Wiley. People who don’t agree with this theory believe that a society’s rights are too complicated to figure out. Utilitarianism is an effort to provide an answer to the practical question “What ought a person to do?” The answer is that a person ought to act so as to produce the best consequences possible. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. The virtue theory puts people in boxes based on their reputations at one point in time. Societies that don’t have written laws like our Constitution make this theory less believable, according to some philosophers. (2012). The theory of deontology states that when we have to make ethical decisions, our first thoughts are on our duties and obligations. By Flickr user AJ Cann 3. The biggest hole in this theory is that people can change their moral character, and the theory doesn’t take changes in morality into account. What Are the Four Major Ethical Theories? For Assessment  3, Task 1 - you need to create a simple argument visualisation using the MindMup software. In Parts 2-4, we look to three highly influential ethical theories: Aristotle's virtue theory, Immanuel Kant's deontological account, and John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism. The theory of utilitarianism falls into this category because the benefit of decisions is the biggest factor. In nonconsequential ethics, you’ll decide on a situation based on what you believe rather than what may happen. Comparing consequences can be hard, so some philosophers say that we can’t truly make utilitarian decisions. Deontological ethics holds that at least some acts are morally obligatory regardless of their consequences for human welfare. … According to the theory of utilitarianism, people choose their actions based on how their decisions will benefit the most people. Each one of these theories looks at our ethical behavior in different ways. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! Chapter 6 4Classic Theories Of Ethics ByFlickruserVCalsidyrose 2. Different branches of the study of ethics look at where our views of morality come from and how they shape our everyday lives. Likewise, the rights theory belongs in this category because the rights that society holds dear are important over any other factor. The virtue theory can fit into consequential ethics because a person’s reputation can be based on the consequences of his or her decisions. Articles published in peer-reviewed or refereed journals have been through a formal approval process. You should undertake further research to inform your analysis of the identified ethical issue. For example, we may make a decision based on following the law or based on our loyalty toward friends or family members.A. There are four major ethical theories: deontology (or duty), utilitarianism, rights, and virtue. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. An editor and one or more subject specialists review the article before it is accepted for publication. Ends-based thinking. From: Encyclopaedia Britannica: Britannica online, Academic edition. Social contract, in political philosophy, an actual or hypothetical compact, or agreement, between the ruled and their rulers, defining the rights and duties of each.

four classical ethical theories

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